Omega-3 and Vascular Disease
- Dietary supplementation with flaxseed oil lowers blood pressure in dyslipidaemic patients.
- Omega 3 fatty acids improve the cardiovascular risk profile of subjects with metabolic syndrome, including markers of inflammation and auto-immunity.
- Omega-3 in modest doses reduces cardiac deaths, and in high doses reduces nonfatal cardiovascular events.
- Dietary supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids reduces the incidence of sudden cardiac death in patients with myocardial infarction.
- Omega-3 fatty acid reduce the total mortality and sudden death in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction.
- Raising blood levels of omega-3 fatty acid levels may be 8 times effective than distributing automated external defibrillators (AEDs), and 2 times more effective than implanting implanting cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) in preventing sudden death
- Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation reduces total mortality and sudden death in patients who have already had a heart attack.
- Consuming small quantities of fish is associated with a reduction in coronary heart disease.
- Omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin D supplementation results in a substantial reduction in coronary calcium scores and slowed plaque growth.
- Omega-3 fatty acids improve macro- and microvascular function in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
- Fish oil improves tubular dysfunction, lipid profiles and oxidative stress in patients with IgA nephropathy.
- In patients with stable coronary artery disease, an independent and inverse association exists between n-3 fatty acid levels and inflammatory biomarkers.
- Omega-3 fatty acids improve endothelial function in peripheral arterial disease.
- Fish oil has a beneficial effect on blood viscosity in peripheral vascular disease.
- Fish oil supplementation improves walking distance in peripheral arterial disease.
- The omega-3 fatty acid docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) reduces the risk of peripheral arterial disease associated with smoking.
- Fish and long-chain omega-3 fatty acid intake reduce the risk of coronary heart disease and total mortality in diabetic women.
- Higher plasma concentrations of EPA and DPA are associated with a lower risk of nonfatal myocardial infarction among women.
- Omega-3 fatty acid consumption is inversely associated with incidence of hypertension.
- Fish oil, but not flaxseed oil, decreases inflammation and prevents pressure overload-induced cardiac dysfunction.
- The consumption of fish reduces the risk of ischemic stroke in elderly individuals.
- Fish consumption reduces the risk of ischemic stroke in men.
- Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) may have a therapeutic role in attenuating pulmonary hypertension.
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Article Source: GreenMedInfo